Mozambique, which gained independence from Portugal in 1975, is home to a culturally diverse population of 29 million people. Before the Portuguese invasion in the sixteenth century, the region was an important trading centre for slaves, gold and ivory for Arabs and Persians. This trade was centred on the Island of Mozambique, which lies off northern Mozambique’s current borders. The country got its name from its first known ruler, a Muslim Arab emir named Mussa ibn Bique. The Portuguese started referring to the region as the “Lands of Mussa ibn Bique” and from there the name was simplified to Mozambique.
None of Africa’s natural resources can match the controversy, drama and conflict of the oil and gas sector. It promises so much, yet so often dashes the hope it raises. Will the huge gas finds off the coast of Mozambique break the cycle? Otavio Veras reports.
Mozambique, a country home to more than 27 million people and covering an area larger than France and the United Kingdom combined, has faced many political and economic challenges since its independence from Portugal in 1975. From 1977 to 1992, Mozambique was immersed in a civil war, supported by the military aid from the Soviet Union in its ever-expanding efforts to disseminate the communist ideology across the world. The fight between the pro-communist government in Mozambique and the anti-communist Mozambican National Resistance (RENAMO) devastated the country and was responsible for the death of near one million Mozambicans and the displacement of 4.5 million to neighbouring countries.
It'll connect East and West by linking African gas producers to Asian buyers.
Singapore, which made its first LNG imports in 2013, has three storage tanks with total throughput capacity of six million tonnes per annum (Mtpa). With a fourth storage tank to be completed by 2018, the capacity will increase to 11 Mtpa
Since mid-2015, over 3 000 refugees from Mozambique have fled to neighbouring Malawi and are being housed in camps set up by the United Nations High Commission for Refugees.